I got really hung up on this sentence - my brain was refusing to accept it as valid. Initially I parsed it as 近寄り + (particle が) + たい雰囲気 (?) which I decided was like an anti-atmosphere. After some searching I came across this advice column on why you might get labeled 近寄りがたい. This gave me the revelation I needed - I didn’t know the n3 grammar がたい.
guess that stuff is important after all, who would have thought.
Hmmm… I think I’m not yet with you.
Looking at it technically, ますます - Jisho.org is an adverb, so it should only be able to qualify a verb, is my take on it. And the sentence only contains the verb 気がする, so I figured it must be qualifying that one. (I mean, technically として - Jisho.org somehow also contains the verb する but I think we agree with Jisho that the full thing now acts as an expression and no longer as a verb.)
So I’d still rather translate it as “…he increasingly felt / he got more and more under the impression that he was useless as a man.”
What am I missing here that makes you believe otherwise?
When I read that back then, I was just so surprised that seanblue had never seen that word, and that somehow got stuck in my brain (sometimes I’m weird like that.)
And each time I came across that word, I remembered that exchange
I guess I basically SRS’ed that conversation
Now I wish I could do that with any random vocab word sigh
Well, I didn’t translate it by thinking analytically about it, I just looked at it and thought “that’s what it means” But anyway: adverbs can qualify things other than verbs. Some examples borrowed from wikipedia of adverbs modifying i-adjective, na-adjective, verb, noun and adverb:
(The noun case surprised me; the others I was expecting.)
My interpretation has ますます modifying the na-adjective だめ.
It’s certainly possible that it’s modifying 気がする – here’s a Tatoeba Project example sentence and translation where that happens –
I’m beginning to see that it’s going to be impossible.
– but in the context of the whole passage, it just doesn’t feel to me like that’s what’s happening. I think maybe that’s because of the ここで怒っては which is saying “to lose his temper here, now”: that’s a point in time where Laurence has this feeling, so it’s not a “over the course of the last 5 minutes he’d gradually been getting the impression that ~” kind of situation.
Anyway, all that said, I could be wrong. I’d be curious what the native-speaker view of the sentence is.
Both honestly make sense to me, but I interpret it as what Nicole is saying. I just feel like if it was for the dame they would have worded it differently.
Ill ask one of my coworkers tomorrow though, since honestly I’m not 100%. There are a couple that are notably better at japanese, so I’d rather wait and ask them to increase the chance of getting a good answer.
Edit: one good person I know happened to be online and his answer was for the だめ. Might still ask tomorrow. His reply:
I really gotta stop thinking so much when I don’t know any actual grammar rules lol. I had a whole message typed out on how this way sounded better to me and I did a full 180 the more I thought about it.
Ok that explains a lot. So basically translating 副詞 as “adverb” is super-misleading because it’s basically a “helper-sentence-part” (as per the literal translation) which can attach basically anywhere like you showed in the examples. Thank you, that was very enlightening!
Good call! I asked one of my language partners and she instinctively said it modifies だめ (“because the other options sound weird”) but when I asked once more why it doesn’t modify 気がする she became insecure and said she’ll go and ask her daughter. If this brings any new insights (I suspect not) I’ll post an update. (EDIT: The daughter said the same.)
Innit? The more I think about it the more I can’t really distinguish between “he increasingly felt useless” and “he felt more and more useless” in my head
Ah there you go. I think the natives all agree so far. Thanks for checking as well!
I don’t know if it helps, but in my initial message I just had typed out that it felt weird to modify 気がする as increasing to me. Like either 気がする or 気がしない. But not 気がした and now it’s even more 気がする. That’s what my intuition told me, but the more I thought about it the more I didn’t know if that was actually right. If it is, that may be your answer for why. If not, well who knows