Sleepy's Study Log - Need All The Help I Can

Seen other people do this, and thought it might help me organize my mess.


  • WaniKani
  • Bunpou
  • Udemy
  • Books/Stories
  • Diary/Posts
  • Podcast

I will try and make use of at least three of these everyday to improve and reinforce my japanese. I will write everyday what I will be learning today and what I have reviewed, even if briefly.
If anyone is interested in having a study pal my disc is sleepysp


Today I will:

:ballot_box_with_check: Listen to a podcast about making teriyaki.
โ˜ Watch a Udemy video.
:ballot_box_with_check: Continue reading โ€œThe secrets of the Japanese mindโ€
:ballot_box_with_check: Do my WaniKani reviews.
โ˜ Write a diary log or post about something in japanese.

I will update later with what I have done and learnt/reviewed.


I have listened to the podcast and learnt the following:

1- ๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹(and ็ถšใ‘ใ‚‹ใ€็ต‚ใ‚ใ‚‹) as an auxiliary verb.

Hajimeru is a verb meaning โ€œto start.โ€ It can be used as an auxiliary, attaching to the masu stem of another verb. This creates a compound verb meaning โ€œto start to do somethingโ€. For example, the verb ้ฃŸในใ‚‹ (โ€œtaberuโ€, to eat) when combined with ๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹ gives the compound verb ้ฃŸในๅง‹ใ‚ใ‚‹ (โ€œtabehajimeruโ€, to start to eat).

The auxiliary verb ๅ‡บใ™ (โ€œ-dasuโ€) may also be used to indicate the start of an action, however, โ€œdasuโ€ indicates a much more sudden (and often surprising) start. For this reason, โ€œ-hajimeruโ€, should not be used in combination with such adverbs as ๆ€ฅใซ (โ€œkyuu niโ€, suddenly). In such sentences, โ€œ-dasuโ€ is used instead.

2- Iโ€™ve also learn some words related to cooking.

  • ใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚† [ใ—ใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚†] soy sauce

  • ใฒใฃใใ‚Š่ฟ”ใ™ [ใฒใฃใใ‚Šใ‹ใˆใ™] to turn over, to upset

  • ็ตŒใค [ใŸใค] to pass (time)

  • ๆบถใ‘ใ‚‹ [ใจใ‘ใ‚‹] to melt, to thaw

  • ๆฒธ้จฐ [ใตใฃใจใ†] boiling

  • ใƒ†ใƒชใƒคใ‚ญ [ใƒ†ใƒชใƒคใ‚ญ] teriyaki

  • ้…ข [ใ™] vinegar

  • ้‹ [ใชใน] pot, saucepan

  • ใŸใ‚Œ [ใŸใ‚Œ] sauce, dipping sauce

  • ็…ฎใ‚‹ [ใซใ‚‹] to cook, to boil, to simmer

Apparently, when talking about boiling (ๆฒธ้จฐ) it is more natural to say that hot water (ใŠๆนฏใ€ใŠใ‚†๏ผ‰boils, and not ๆฐดใ€‚

3 - Iโ€™ve also read about the case of the previous president and later on CEO of Nissan, Carlos Ghosn, and how his accusation followed by his escape from Japan may be related to the Japanese notion of a harmonious ใ‚ society.

If you are interested in his case:

I feel like Iโ€™m beginning to understand a lot more of the way Japanese people see themselves and why Iโ€™ve often found myself in awe at their achievements as a community Iโ€™ve seen in TV or articles.



So, now we have both, Sleepyโ€™s Study Log and

Well, the meowre study logs โ€“ the better! love
Thereโ€™s also @SleepyOne ใ•ใ‚“ and @Nemuitanuki ใ•ใ‚“ โ€“ the Sleepy League is growing bigger and stronger! comfy
Anyway, best of luck to you; may your sleepiness not hinder your studies wricat


Haha oops, I didnt know we had many Sleepys here. SleepySPs just been by nickname for far too long on the internet to think of something else lol


Wow the first entry of your study log already looks amazing, not like my mess of a โ€œstudy logโ€ xD

I like that you write down the grammar you learned and also the cooking vocabulary. I didnt get into contact with cooking vocabulary too often so there are some words I didnt know yet. Very interesting!


Ive checked it out, and you are doing fantastic. How are you feeling for the N3? Iโ€™ve already sat for it and passed, If you need any help or want some advice.

Btw, I love your pfp. My favorite digimon is Luchemon!


Haha, I am happy that you recognized my pfp :grin:

Actually I donโ€™t know how I feel about the N3. The thing is that my Japanese studies were anything but linear. I am married to a Japanese for nearly 8 Years and we lived 7 of these years in germany. I was picking up a lot of japanese through communicating with her and on / off studying by myself because I often lost the motivation. Thats why my Japanese level is all over the place and not really in JLPT order. For example the listening parts of the JLPTs is the easiest for me. They usually use pretty straight forward grammar for them and its not really a test of knowledge but more of keeping up with the speed, which is easy for me. Grammar and Kanji on the other hand are my biggest weakness. While Wanikani is helping me a lot in regards of Kanji I still havenโ€™t found a way to study grammar efficiently. Now that we are living in Japan I finally got the motivation that I needed to get really into studying but now I donโ€™t have the time anymore to do WK and Bunpro together. I think the Kanji in the N3 will be all right because I should be able to cover 80% with WK until then. Grammar on the other handโ€ฆ

Sorry for the wall of text, somehow lost myself in the rambling. :sweat_smile:




ใงใ™ใ€ใ ใ€ใงใ‚ใ‚‹

Generally speaking, we use a sentence using ใงใ™, like sentence 1, in formal conversation or letters, e-mails, or memos addressed to someone whom you should respect.

A sentence using ใ , like sentence 2, generally appears in an informal conversation among friends or family members.

We typically use a sentence using ใงใ‚ใ‚‹, like sentence 3, in formal writing such as essays, theses, newspaper articles, novels, and so on.

Although ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ is more formal than da, to avoid having the same sentence endings repeatedly, we often use both ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ and ใ  sentences in formal writing. Please note, however, that generally speaking, ใงใ™ sentences cannot appear with either ใ  or ใงใ‚ใ‚‹ sentences.


ใจใฏ is an abbreviation of ใจใ„ใ†ใฎใฏ โ€œthe thing called โ€” isโ€ฆโ€ or โ€œwhat ---- means is โ€ฆโ€. This marks the word or phrase we are going to define.

Kekkon to wa gaman da. *
็ตๅฉšใจใฏๆˆ‘ๆ…ขใ ใ€‚
โ€œWhat marriage means is being patient.โ€


  • ๅธธ็”จๆผขๅญ— [ใ˜ใ‚‡ใ†ใ‚ˆใ†ใ‹ใ‚“ใ˜] kanji for common use.
  • ็›ฎๅฎ‰ [ใ‚ใ‚„ใ™] standard, criterion, guideline.
  • ๆ—ฅๅธธ็”Ÿๆดป [ใซใกใ˜ใ‚‡ใ†ใ›ใ„ใ‹ใค] everyday life, daily life.

Iโ€™ve also read an article on the new model of Chat GPT, and found these words/phrases interesting:

ใ€Œๆฐ—ๆŒใกใŒ่ฝใก็€ใใ‚ˆใ†ใซๆ‰‹ไผใฃใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€

ใŠใกใคใใ€่ฝใก็€ใ to calm down, to compose oneself


่ฃฝๅ“ใ€ใ›ใ„ใฒใ‚“ product, manufacted goods
็ซถไบ‰ใ€ใใ‚‡ใ†ใใ† competition, contest
ๆฟ€ใ—ใใ€ใฏใ’ใ—ใ violently, intensely. ADV


I understand. When it comes to grammar and kanji, I love to sit down at a cafe and work through a textbook/workbook for hours. It will help a lot to make yourself cozy and enjoy the process. And it will give you a break from screens.

If you need, I can talk to you a bit about the N3




There are four types of verbs in japanese

ๅคง็Šถๆ…‹ๅ‹•่ฉžใ€Œใ ใ„ใ˜ใ‚‡ใ†ใŸใ„ใฉใ†ใ—ใ€

Describes a state of something. Ex. ใ‚ใ‚‹ใ€ใ„ใ‚‹ใ€ใงใใ‚‹ใ€่ฆใ™ใ‚‹ใ€‚

็ถ™็ถšๅ‹•่ฉžใ€Œใ‘ใ„ใžใใฉใ†ใ—ใ€Durative verbs

Shows a progressive action a certain period. Ex. ่ชญใ‚€ใ€ๆ›ธใใ€็ฌ‘ใ†ใ€ๆณฃใใ€ๆ•ฃใ‚‹.


Describes an event that only happens in a moment. Ex. ๆญปใฌใ€๏ผˆ้›ป็ฏใŒ๏ผ‰ใคใใ€่งฆใ‚Œใ‚‹ใ€ๅฑŠใใ€ๆฑบใพใ‚‹ใ€ๅˆฐ็€ใ™ใ‚‹

็ฌฌๅ››็จฎใฎๅ‹•่ฉžใ€Œใ ใ‚“ใ‚ˆใ‚“ใ—ใ‚…ใฎใฉใ†ใ—ใ€

Doesnt include a concept of time, and represents that sth takes on a certain state. Ex. ๅ„ชใ‚Œใ‚‹๏ผˆใ™ใใ‚Œใ‚‹๏ผ‰ใ€ใŠใ‚‚ใ ใคใ€ไผผใ‚‹ใ€‚

:point_right: -ใพใ™ใ‘ใ„ + ็ถšใ‘ใ‚‹ can only be used with durative verbs.

โ•ญโ”€โ”€ โ‹… โ‹… โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€ โ‹… โ‹… โ”€โ”€โ•ฎ
โ”‚To add to the previous ๏ฝžใพใ™ใ‘ใ„๏ผ‹ๅ‡บใ™,
โ”‚it can also mean โ€œmake sth come out/visibleโ€
โ”‚้ฃ›ใณๅ‡บใ™ใ€ๆŽขใ—ๅ‡บใ™ - to jump out, to find out.*
โ•ฐโ”€โ”€ โ‹… โ‹… โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€โ”€ โ‹… โ‹… โ”€โ”€โ•ฏ




๐‘ญ๐’๐’“๐’Ž๐’‚๐’ ๐‘พ๐’“๐’Š๐’•๐’Š๐’๐’ˆ

Text, article, sentence

ๆ–‡ also means โ€œsentenceโ€, we often use ๆ–‡็ซ  and ๆ–‡ interchangeably. ๆ–‡็ซ  usually indicates a bigger unit than ๆ–‡, such as writing or text that contains paragraphs.

Concerning, about, relating to.

Follows the noun the speaker is talking about.

To sum it up, to wrap up, that is to say, put simply, basically.

We use it to wrap up an explanation or to give a summary.

However, but.

ใ“ใ‚Œใฏใ€ใจใฆใ‚‚ๅ›บใ„ๆ„Ÿใ˜ใŒใ—ใพใ™ใ€‚ๅ‹้”ๅŒโผ ใฎไผš่ฉฑใงใฏใ€Œใงใ‚‚ใ€ใ‚’ไฝฟใฃใŸโฝ…ใŒใ„ใ„ใงใ™ใ€‚
Shikashi is very formal and may sound stiff. So in a casual conversation, you should stick to โ€œdemoโ€
ๅ‹้”ใซใ€ใ€Œใ—ใ‹ใ—ใ€ใ‚’ไฝฟใ†ใจใ€ใกใ‚‡ใฃใจๅค‰ใงใ™ใ€‚ๆฐ—ใ‚’ใคใ‘ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„


ใ€Œโผคไฝ“ใ€ ใจ ๅŒใ˜ๆ„ๅ‘ณใงใ™ใ€‚ใƒ€ใ‚คใ‚ขใƒญใ‚ฐใงใ€Œ็ด„60%ใ€ใจใ‚ใ‚Šใพใ—ใŸใŒใ€ใ€Œโผคไฝ“๏ผ–๏ผ%ใ€ใงใ‚‚ๅŒใ˜ใง
โ€œdaitaiโ€ and โ€œyakuโ€ mean the same thing. They both mean โ€œapproximatelyโ€ or โ€œaboutโ€.
ใงใ‚‚ใ€ใใ‚‰ใ„ ใใ‚‰ใ„ ใฏamountใฎๅพŒใซๆฅใพใ™ใ€‚
ใใ‚‰ใ„ or ใใ‚‰ใ„ also means โ€œaboutโ€, but comes -after- the amount.
ใŸใ ใ€็ด„ใฏamountใฎๅ‰ใงใ™ใ€‚ๆ™‚้–“ใฎๅ‰ใซใฏๆฅใพใ›ใ‚“ใฎใงๆณจๆ„ใ—ใฆใใ ใ•ใ„ใ€‚
Yaku comes before an amount, but it cannot precede expressions of time, unlike daitai or
kurai. So be careful.
ไพ‹ใˆใฐใ€โผคไฝ“๏ผ™ๆ™‚ใ€‚ใจใ‹ ไนๆ™‚ใใ‚‰ใ„ ใฏโผคไธˆๅคซใงใ™ใŒใ€็ด„ไนๆ™‚ใฏใƒ€ใƒกใงใ™ใ€‚

:pushpin: About the novel โ€œI am a catโ€ by Soseki Natsume

The original Japanese title isใ€Œๆˆ‘่ผฉใฏ็Œซใงใ‚ใ‚‹ใ€

ๆˆ‘่ผฉ means โ€œIโ€, but itโ€™s archaic and carries an arrogant nuance.
ๅฐ‘ใ—็†ๅฑˆใฃใฝใ่žใ“ใˆใพใ™ใ€‚ๆˆ‘่ผฉใฏ็”ทใฎโผˆใฎpronounใชใฎใงใ€ใ€Œ็†ๅฑˆใฃใฝใ„ใˆใ‚‰ใใ†ใซใ—ใฆใ„ใ‚‹็”ทใฎ็Œซใ€ใ ใชใ€œใจใ‚ฟใ‚คใƒˆใƒซใ‹ใ‚‰ใ‚ใ‹ใ‚Šใพใ™ใ€‚
The title โ€œWagahai wa neko de aruโ€ sounds kind of argumentative and challenging.



sorry but how did you add those cat emojis?


With the help of this script:



Today I will:

โ˜ Listen to a podcast about formal japanese.
โ˜ Watch a Udemy video.
โ˜ Continue reading โ€œThe secrets of the Japanese mindโ€
โ˜ Do my WaniKani reviews.
โ˜ Write a diary log.

I will update later with what I have done and learnt/reviewed.