I’m grammaring away (I’m sure that’s a verb, isn’t it?), and I’ve started to notice some similarities, and wondering if there was a site that encapsulates more of an overarching approach, instead of just “memorize each conjugation”.
For instance, the casual copula (i.e. da, not desu). (And sorry to do it in romaji, I understand hiragana but it’s faster to express my thoughts if I don’t have to flip keyboards for the examples).
Present/future = da, past = datta. Negative is jyanai, negative past is jyanakatta.
So it seems immediately clear that jyana (which I’ve learned is a contraction of the slightly-more polite dewana) signals negativity, and is itself conjugated so that present negativity is dewa-nai, and past is dewa-nakatta.
In formal/polite speech, the negative is dewa-arimasen, and the past is dewa-arimasen-deshita. And arimasen is the negative of to exist, and deshita is the past tense polite copula. And if I can remember that polite form uses sort of a double-negative (dewa, and arimasen), and I can remember the past tense (deshita), I can put it all together. And that’s so much easier than having to remember the string “dewaarimasendeshita” because I tried to do it months ago and it did not go well.
But now that I understand the components better, all is relatively peachy.
So is there a site that shows what the forms are, the bits that agglomerate together (I think I’m using that correctly), rather than simply saying unhelpfully that “dewaarimasendeshita” is the conjugation?
Like, given that desu = is, why does deshyou mean “is probably?” or desuyo mean “it definitely is, I know so!” What are the shyou and the yo doing there? Those kinds of questions.
Or for RU-verbs (ichidan verbs) … their conjugate is -ru, -nai, -da, -nakatta … which is an awful lot like our good friends da, dewanai, datta, dewanakatta. Essentially the conjugation’s the same, if you replace the da or dewa with the verb stem (other than the present tense dictionary form, where you add the “ru” to it), and soften the tta of datta to da …
I find it easier to discover the system and apply it, than to memorize lots of similar but different examples.
Does this make any sense at all? And if so, what sites/books/programs/apps out there organize their teaching a bit like this?
P.S. I’m level 28 Wanikani at the time of writing, which I mention because the profile is always updating as I advance.