To mix and it's variations HELP

混じる 混ざる 交じる 混ぜる 。。。
So these two kanji 混 and 交 has multiple words that mean transitively and intransitively as ‘mix’. Is there a difference between these kanjis? Does anyone have any helpful tips to remember which one is transitive and which one is intransitive?

Thanks in advance.

The kanji 混 refers to mixing where you lose the ability to separate the original items, like mixing paints, or flour and eggs.

The kanji 交 refers to mixing where you can separate the items again after mixing them, like colored marbles, or numbers and letters in a string of characters.

まぜる is transitive, まざる and まじる are intransitive.

https://www.kanken.or.jp/kanken/trivia/category01/161101.html

That page explains the kanji meanings, but then goes on to talk about some confusing usages. Such as 混合リレー for a race where men and women run together, or トランプにジョーカーを混ぜる for mixing a joker into a deck of cards.

You can tell men and women apart, and cards are identifiable, so you would think 交 is better, but the page explains why those use 混. Basically, because the members become a single team, and because the purpose of mixing the joker into the deck is so that people don’t know where it is, so 混 is more appropriate.

Whether that makes sense to you, or you just have to remember those as exceptions, I’m not sure.

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That helps alot.
I keep getting lost but the える versions are transitive. 交える 混ぜる
So what’s the difference between 混じる 混ざる???

There may have been a distinction at some point, because まざる is the “natural” intransitive partner derived together with まぜる, while まじる has a separate etymology, but in reality まざる and まじる are basically used interchangeably in many scenarios.

This thesaurus entry includes the line 「混ざる」は … 実際には、「混じる」と同様に用いられる。

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