Pseudo Kana/Kanji 準仮名・漢字

I just came across 〆 for the first time, used as an abbreviation of 締・閉:
Then found the vertical equivalent of 々 → 〻

Of course we’re all familiar with the prolonged sound mark ー in kana, which belongs to this category.
So I went investigating and found the following:
ゝ Repetition of last hiragana. More common in names: さゝき => ささき
ヽ Repetition of last katakana. トヽロ => トトロ
ゞ Repetition of last hiragana but adding dakuten.
ヾ Repetition of last katakana but adding dakuten.

Vertical writing:
〱 Repeat last kana.

〲 Repeat last kana + dakuten

〵Repetition of last word.

〵Repetition of last word + dakuten.

Edit: further info for anyone curious:

Can anyone confirm if they’re used all that often?
In print at all, or mostly handwriting?


Interesting, keen to hear if there’s more.

In my experience, I used to see and use 〆切 all the time in excel spreadsheets, while working in a Japanese office (I was handling student enrolments and payments for Japanese classes).
So it may not just be a handwritten thing.

Sorry, this is off topic. @LankyAusMan where is your level bubble? It doesn’t show on your avatar on my device. Am I going crazy?

It isn’t even on his user card

Wait, what?

I totally just assumed that we all couldn’t see our own level for whatever reason. Could i have angered the almighty crabigator?


@viet Why doesn’t Lanky have a level?

Lanky is a ghost.

(In all seriousness we probably didn’t define the CSS for Lanky’s level+subscription type. I’ll have someone take a look at it today)


Don’t fix it for another 10 days, I am that close to becoming a ghost too :ghost:

I doubt it’s a CSS problem. The div is not even there.

Nice change to your profile message.

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@LankyAusMan: You’re all set. For some reason, your profile hadn’t picked up on your ‘Level 25’-ness. It has been informed, so you’re no longer a ghost. :smile:


Dang, I was so rooting for Lanky to stay a ghost. :frowning:

Thanks @oldbonsai for taking care of that

me too @plantron, me too :cry:

Today in class I saw this used on the chalk board.

It said いつも広いこゝろ、いつも大きな希望

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