目標、もくひょう、めじるし、目印


#1

I’ve always known 目標 as もくひょう.
However, I discovered that 目標 is also sometimes めじるし.
But, めじるし is often 目印 as far as I know.

I understand their different meanings, but I would like to confirm a few things.

  1. 目標 is more often understood as もくひょう, right?
  2. Is めじるし usually written as 目印? When do people decide to use 目標 instead?

#2

If you look at a monolingual dictionary, you’ll see that the reading of めじるし for 目標 is outside of what is taught for the joyo kanji. It has that little triangle symbol. So people don’t learn this as part of their compulsory education. If you used it that way, you’d probably need to put furigana if you wanted Japanese people to read it that way.

https://www.weblio.jp/content/目標

People don’t often discuss it, but kanji have specific joyo readings. It’s not just a matter of being in the joyo or not being in the joyo. Some readings are excluded as well.

On Kanjipedia, anything in pink is joyo content. So if you look at the readings portion, ひょう is pink and everything else is black.

http://www.kanjipedia.jp/kanji/0005945100

Some more kanji that have many readings, but some are excluded in joyo
http://www.kanjipedia.jp/kanji/0003833400
http://www.kanjipedia.jp/kanji/0003478400

EDIT: On weblio, kanji that are outside of the joyo list are marked with a black triangle, while readings outside of the joyo content have the white one. Here’s an example of both in action. The triangle comes after the kanji it is related to.

https://www.weblio.jp/content/急度


#3

Thank you Leebo! I feel relieved to hear that there would be most likely furigana if they wanted that specific reading!

I really appreciate how detailed and extensive your explanations are, they are so helpful. I always learn something new from you. Thank you!