What are the rules of using verbs mid-sentence?

I know about the て form, but I’ve seen other forms being used mid-sentence. Is it the use of commas, particles, etc?

Please make examples シ

Are you talking about things like attributive verbs? e.g. a man who walks あるくおとこ…

Things with particles that function as conjunctions? e.g. I bought it, but それをかいましたが…

Something else? It would help if you offered an example of a sentence you didn’t understand and we can discuss it.

I’m wondering how I can use phrases like “…the
kid who only eats fish…” and “…the guy who hates cats…” in the middle of sentences. And also if expressing oneself this way is similar to English at all.

(Excuse me for not being able to come up with any Japanese examples)

魚しか食べない子ども (さかなしかたべないこども) would be the kid who only eats fish

“Hate” is a little different, because like the word for like “すき”, きらい is not a verb, but a な adjective.

But “the guy who hates cats” would be 猫が嫌いな男 (ねこがきらいなおこと).

Basically just put the clause in front of the noun you want it to modify.

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