Hi all, apologies as I know this is a pretty googleable answer, but I just seem to have so much trouble with understanding order in Japanese.
I’ve been trying to follow the idea of:
Subject - Object - Verb
Setence Topic, Time, Location, Subject, Indirect Object, Direct Object, Verb
But the ordering just doesn’t seem to make sense for me. Maybe I just don’t understand the idea of a “topic” or “subject” ?
1 - Whose bag is this -> kore wa kaban no dare desu ka.
2 - But apparently its -> kore wa dare no kaban desu ka.
But I also wonder why it can’t be
3 - kono kaban wa dare no desu ka? (Not sure about the no here).
And then theres also
4 - kaban wa dare desu ka? Which I guess misses out the kore, but I don’t really see its need?
Why is kore the subject/topic here, why isn’t it dare, which makes more sense to be that the main idea/topic being “whose” is it. I also feel there are times where dare is the topic which makes me more confused.
Another example would be something like:
5 - That woman is not miss Suzuki -> ano onnanohito ha suzuki san dewa arimasen
While I sort of understand it, I don’t quite get why the subject it “that woman” and not “suzuki san” I guess I feel they both feel like the subject in its own way.
Thanks for the help everyone!