Does any one have a stem chart for grammar conjugation?

I don’t think I’m wording this quite right, but I’m looking for a chart that lists conjugations and grammar points by sound row they attach to for godan verbs? I think it would help me to see them listed together, and if somebody has already done it I don’t want to put in the work myself. I sometimes have difficulty recalling specific things, and I’m sort of hoping associating grammar points or congugation that behave in the same way will help me recall it better.

For example
A-stem - ~ない
o-stem - volitional
i stem - ~なさい
bonus if it lists things that attach to the te form like
~いる ~みたい ~ください ~上がる ~くれる etc


Perhaps something like the ones that appears on the Wikipedia article for Japanese verb conjugation?


The usage section (which is in paragraph form) for I stem and Te form anyway pretty much exactly what I’m looking for- just not in pretty table form. But then it sort of trails off for the other stems, preferring to list by grammar point and explaining the point instead of putting different uses together. I realize that some stems are only used for a few things, but I sort of want less explanation of whats happening and what a form does and more- yep this form/congugation and/or grammar point connects this way. A quick reference to connecting things together.

If I end up having to make my own- I’ll definitely use this as a guide in that process. Thanks!

Annad I typed to soon and then opened the second link which, YES THATS IT. I mean you gave me what I wanted in 15 minutes, so thank you.

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I’ve used that chart myself a long time ago, and it’s kind of decent, but a word of warning. It’s a bit arbitrary (maybe because it tried too hard to fit a bunch of things together): it treats everything as if it were a verb suffix, but a number of those are either (1) sentence particles (e.g., だろう, みたい, の, こと) or (2) derivational suffixes that inflect further (e.g., ない, ず, passive, causative, polite ます). (1) makes you think that the particle is limited to that precise connection while it isn’t. (2) is kind of a waste of space and makes you think there’s a lot where there is little.

Also, IMHO you should take care to distinguish between “stems” that mean little and are only selected by specific suffixes (-a, -e) compared to “stems” that are actual verb forms and quite freely combine (more or less productively today), mainly the conclusive/attributive -(r)u, the infinitive -(i), and the gerund -(i)te, which are often treated as “bases” but are really standalone forms (that do take a number of suffixes themselves in addition to their free uses).

Well, just my two cents… maybe I should make my own chart some time. :thinking:


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