Ge-tsu vs ga-tsu when using moon kanji


#1

I was wondering if there are any rules for when to use the “ge-tsu” pronunciation vs the “ga-tsu” pronunciation of the “moon” kanji. I’m always getting them mixed up, and it’s driving me crazy.


#2

I wonder if anyone else has asked this before


#3

がつ is only for specific months, so January - December and 何月
Anything else is げつ.


#4

For 月, the がつ reading is utilized when referring to a specific month (ex: April: 四月=しがつ) and the げつ reading is utilized as a general reference to months (ex: Every month: 毎月 = まいげつ)

For 何月 - “what month” is asking for a specific month as an answer, thus you also use the がつ reading (なんがつ)


#5

So, kind of like the difference between the particles は and が?


#6

For the difference between は and が, someone posted this link the other day and I really liked the explanation:

https://www.reddit.com/r/LearnJapanese/comments/6u2gaf/let_me_try_and_explain_は_and_が_for_you/


#7

Kouchi wrote the best cheat sheet ever on hacking particles. Think it’s on the front page of tofugu.com Wrote him a letter about it the other day it’s so good! Let’s get him to do a sore, dore, sono, are, dare, doko, etc. one!


#8

I’ve seen this before, but it really is a good explanation :upside_down_face:


#9

In what way?


#10

In the way は is used to talk generally about a topic, and が is used to identify something. My thought is that げつ behaves like the は particle in that sense (it’s used to make general references to months), while がつ is kind of like the が particle (talk about a specific month)


#11

Considering how many nuances there are to は and が, I don’t know how helpful that is. For instance, question words like だれ can’t take は, even though in the relationship you mentioned, は would be the less specific particle. Never mind the many other layers of the two particles. But that’s just me.


#12

yeah, I don’t fully grasp everything about those particles yet, so it’s just something that popped into my head randomly according to my current knowledge.


#13

Eh, if it makes sense for you and helps you remember then that’s all which matters. You’ll get a better understanding of the particles with time either way.


#14

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