So, I have several questions related to listening. Listening is probably my worst skill, and I’m trying to practice it regularly to get better. I want to learn as effectively as possible, so I have some questions that will hopefully help me shape my listening practice:
When I’m listening, should I be looking up unknown words that I hear? Or should I just keep listening and ignore them?
If there’s a transcript available or subtitles (in Japanese), should I be reading them or ignoring them?
Does passive listening really work? I’ve seen conflicting reports, I know methods (like AJATT and MIA) highly recommend it, but I’ve seen other sources say it does little to nothing. I have no idea if it’s really useful.
Is it useful to listening to stuff way above your level, like podcasts aimed at native adults? Or should I be trying to listen to stuff that’s aimed at children or learners?
Are listening vocab decks useful, or not worth it?
My Current method
Currently, I mostly active listen to the Hikibiki podcast, which is aimed at adults and it’s very advanced for me, but it’s helped me get used to the sounds of the language. I occasionally listen to beginner-focused stuff like Nihongo con Teppei’s beginner podcast, or even Genki dialogues. I usually don’t look up unknown words, but I’m not sure if I should start doing that. I also noticed sometimes I’ll look up a word and realize I know it, but I didn’t recognize it by sound. To solve this, I’ve created a listening vocab deck in Anki, but I’m not sure if I should spend time on that or just focus on listening itself.
So yeah, listening is tough. Any advice would be greatly appreciated.