を/に grammar doubt

When you’re trying to say that you’re waiting for someone should we use を or に while referring to that person?
Also how do you say that you met 山田さん at the super market?
Apparently the answer is:昨日、スパで山田さんに会いました。
Why can’t we use を here?
Also if there are other such possible scenarios please mention them.

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I’m a bit rusty on my particles, but NI is apparently used when there’s movement towards or onto something. So with I am meeting someone - someone NI AIMASU.

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You に the person and で the location.

Because 会う is intransitive. The focus of the “meeting” action is “you” executing that action. However, you point that action towards someone.

Other possible scenarios in what sense?

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Huh?

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You knee the person and “duh” the location.

“Don’t you know where you are?” thwack “Duh!!”

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Particle cards on WaniKani when? :joy:

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don’t give them any ideas! :scream:

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It helps me to think of に as not just having a direction but a specific end point. That could be a time like 2時に or a person 友達に. With に and で you would use で for a location where an action is taking place, but に for a simple location of something more passive like just existing. Anyway, that is how I have always thought of them. I find it easier to have wishy washy feelings about particles rather than getting bogged down with rules that may or may not have exemptions. :sweat_smile:

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hopefully these clear up some confusion. They helped me A LOT.

[location]で [person]に 会いました。

みどり駅で田中さんに会いました。