から between noun and adj. What this mean and how to use it?

Sorry for this, I was looking for info about this in my books for n5 and n4 but I can’t find any, I’m not even on n5 stage yet so this basic newbie question will probably put smile on your face heh
First of all, I saw this sentence in examples for 近い :「私のいえは駅から近いです」
What’s kara between station and near are doing? Can I just write it like this: 駅近い or 駅の近い or maybe kara are doing something important to the meaning of sentence. I guess meaning of kara here is 'from" but this still isn’t understandable for me.

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My house is a short distance from the station

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Thank you, so without から sentence will means My house is close to the station or I need to add にあります at the end when I didn’t put kara between noun and adj?

You’re right that から means from here, and I think the distinction between the way you want to reword the sentence and the way the sentence is is “directionality”. When saying 「私の家は駅から近いです」, you can think of it like giving directions to a friend, for example. They get off the train, and you tell them your house is just a short distance away - the “starting point” is the station, which is what から (and “from” in English) marks here.

If you instead got rid of the から, that directionality changes (depending on how you reword the sentence).

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Removing から from that sentence as it is would just make it gramatically incorrect. If you wanted to rewrite it so から isn’t used, the best way would be 私のいえは駅の近くにあります。

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I though に was only for nouns, the く in 近く should already be performing the same function.

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It’s a noun in this case. 近くにある is a very common phrase.

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