I’m starting to learn grammar and one of the more important things I need to know is apparently te-form. I made a flowchart to derive what the te-form should normally be, but I know there’s a few words that behave weirdly (I understand いる acts differently depending on the kanji used, and that する is just an oddball altogether, for example).
My questions are, is this flowchart accurate for regular te-forms, and what are the te-form irregulars and their te forms? (A comprehensive or mostly-comprehensive list would be helpful, here.)
I’m really confused, sorry. I’m not using any specific resources for grammar, and trying to pick things up individually, and that’s backfiring pretty heavily in the general topic of “verbs”.
As I understand things, you have a dictionary form, then you do something to it to get a stem, which is what you base te, masu, and ta forms on as well as basically everything else like informals, tenses, and such? So I should be trying to figure out stems and how they relate to dictionary form, then stems to everything else?
I think I just need to get some kind of single specific resource that covers all of verbs and just unlearn everything I think I know about them so far. Is that correct and a better way than what I’m trying to do?
I particularly like this youtube video for conjugation. It doesn’t cover て (that’s here) but understanding that the rules just followed the kana chart made more sense to me than the textbooks that talked about “ru verbs and u verbs, and for u-verbs you drop u and add X vowel.”
I would say that if you know the dictionary and masu form of a verb, then you can almost always predict all conjugations.
I wouldn’t (or rather I didn’t) spend time memorizing which verb has which masu form. During your Japanese studies you’re gonna hear both 食べる and 食べます so much there’s no chance of not learning it…
I never spent time memorizing the conjugation rules based on final syllable either, since once you’ve heard, say, 飲む in it’s various forms, you can use that knowledge on any む verb!
When I learned the various conjugations in Tae Kim, I just focused on, for instance, aseru being causative. Just exposure was quite enough for me to internalize how to get there based on the final syllable, and also masu form in case of る verbs.
I remember seeing the above chart when starting out and freaking out a bit… If that’s you as well, then this might help