Don’t know if it is too early to ask questions in this thread But I was wondering in page 17 in 犬のつれていけばよろこんで、なかにいれてくれるにちがいない。is the ば if here so the sentence would be "If dog would be brought along, they would be happy and would let us in.
Yep, that’s right - ば-form is a conditional form. It’s very similar to ~たら (I think the latter is used more in speech, ば more in writing). This is the ば-form of 連れて行く.
Unlike some other conditionals, it’s pretty flexible in terms of meaning, so can mean both “if” and “whenever X happens…”. Basically it can sibustitute for any of the various ways “if” is used in English.
Just a note in case you missed it (your translation doesn’t emphasise this element), but ちがいない means “for certain” or “without a doubt”, so I’d lean towards something more like “they’d let us in for sure”.
Page 17: I’m a little confused with the こっちの勝ちだからだ。Specifically the だからだ bit. Could anyone translate and/or explain? Thanks
Edit: Another question! Same page. About the ‘家じゃないところに、かくしてあるかもしれないじゃないですか。’
My attempt at translation is “Would it perhaps be hidden someplace other than [his] house?”
Is this correct? I’m just wondering why there’s an extra じゃない?
家 + じゃない = not house
ところに = (at) place
かくしてある = where (it) is hidden
かもしれない = maybe
じゃない = turns ‘maybe’ into ‘maybe not’? Or I should ignore this?
ですか = turns into question
All those negatives
Edit 2: I had to search up what ははあ was. Could that be added to the vocabulary list?
On the spreadsheet it saysドモンジ instead of ドモンジョ. Sorry, I don’t have my laptop right now and can’t edit the list.
I apologise again for all my questions/annoying comments!
Or I can add it (and correct that name - thanks for the heads-up)
This always really throws beginners off because we read everything so literally, but we do the exact same thing in English: “isn’t it possible the car was blue?” I.e. we use negatives to frame questions, usually softening them (or even statements casually dressed up as questions: “it was cold yesterday, wasn’t it!”). That’s all that’s happening here
page18. Im not sure how you know the subject of the first part of the first sentence. Is the translation something like (first half) In the end, to be helpful, whether or not, not understand (second half) but again I decided. . The subject ore is clear for the second half of the sentence. Is the first half also the subject’s thoughts- or something more abstract? I suppose it is linked to why it is the negative form wakaranai.
This is what I think the first sentence says: “Because the cocker spaniel has long fur that repels water, on a rainy day like today (he) can walk outdoors without getting a cold.”
But in this part あるいても、かぜをひかなくていい (te form + も, te form + いい) what grammar point is that?
Same as @SolarHusky. I’m confused by that sentence.
あるいても is even if walks as in “Because of the fur, even if the dog walks outside in rainy day like this, they don’t get cold”. For the latter part I am thinking that it may be don’t need to get cold i.e なくてもいい with dropped も, but I am even less sure about that
On page 22, i’m getting thrown by the grammar of アララ尾山 when he says 犬を飼うなら、もっときれいに飼いたまえ。 My understanding of this is: If you own this dog, he’s been kept very clean (by you). I think this is probably correct given the context, but i’m not really understanding the function of the word まえ at the end.
To expand on this (for anyone curious), たまえ is the imperative form of たまう. It can use either of two kanji, which differ by usage:
給う has a meaning like する (to do), but the act is performed by a superior person.
賜う has a meaning like あげる (to give), but the act is received from a superior person.
(When attached to the い stem of a verb, I imagine kanji typically doesn’t get used.)
The meaning of 飼いたまえ is similar to 飼ってください or 飼いなさい. I imagine たまえ may have been used specifically because a human is superior to a dog (just a guess). My (limited) understanding is that this use of たまえ is typically only heard in fictional works. (But I’ve never been to Japan, so I cannot say if some people do use it.)
WaniKani fun: The kanji 給 is taught in level 27, but the たま reading isn’t taught. The kanji 賜 is not taught by Wanikani.
Edit: I forgot to mention, this is an archaic word, which is probably why WK doesn’t cover it.
@himmelz: Regarding blurring text, you can type [spoiler]spoiler tags around text[/spoiler] you want to be blurred. Result: spoiler tags around text
Thanks @ChristopherFritz and @himmelz , knowing that grammar point sure does change the meaning, and to the complete opposite effect.
I imagine たまえ may have been used specifically because a human is superior to a dog (just a guess)
If the command is between 尾山 and Spitz, wouldn’t the relationship to the dog not be a factor in the choice of conjugation? (You indicated you were guessing, so I’m just continuing the discussion and hypothesizing as well)
With that said, I think this weeks pages went well. There were alot more sentences than I was expecting, but other than the one sentence on page 20, I was able to understand it all with everyone’s help.
Hmm I was also thinking in similar way as @himmelz in that I understood that other way round i.e it is command given from superior position. “If you are keeping dog, you should keep it more clean.” with a little looking down on Spitz. Is there good place to read more about that grammar point?
Attach ～たまえ ( -tamae ), the command form of the verb たまう ( tamau , to give or bestow) to a verb stem to form a request that this action be done. This can be anything from a prayerful plea to an order that is expected to be followed, and is also fairly outdated. Using たまえ commands with subordinates apparently conveys an affectionate tone.