Ok, one thing you need to understand is that in this sentence, です isn’t necessary. It’s only there to be polite. The confusing part is that です can also act as a copula and be a necessary, and grammatical, part of the sentence.
Is a perfectly valid sentence. So you have to watch out for when です is being use a polite sentence ender or performing a grammatical function.
I think of です as just the polite form of だ when used as a copula, regardless of the origin. And Wiktionary lists でした as the past tense inflection of です, so there’s nothing technically wrong with the sentence.
It depends on what you’re saying. One thing to note is that the things that are called い-adjectives actually include the “to be” part. So, 赤い means “is-red” and not just “red”. 寒い means “is-cold”.
And that’s why you can conjugate them like that.
For so called な-adjectives, they’re really adjectival nouns so you have to add な in order to link them to something, and you then conjugate that な if necessary.
desu is believed to be a contraction of "de gozaimasu ", which is now mainly used in keigo (honorific speech). At some point, the negative forms of gozaimasu were also replaced by the negative forms of arimasu .
Tae Kim is great as an intro, but it is a lot of info, so yes, you may need to go over it more than once for stuff to sink in. The main drawback of TK is that you don’t have exercises to apply what you’ve learned.
Yeah, it’s not for everybody. Have you watched Sambonjuku 三本塾? His videos are more traditional and they’re all in Japanese. Plus, he talks really clearly, so it’s easier to understand even with subtitles.
The premise of Cure Dolly is that there’s all these “secrets” that “they” won’t tell you about Japanese. In reality, it’s just that, traditionally, grammar education for non-natives is different from grammar education for natives. That’s true in any language. And so the explanations in the videos are basically telling non-natives about native-focused grammar education perspectives.
But, there are reasons why certain ways of framing things are used for non-natives. Generally speaking, the ways of explaining things to non-natives get you up and running with your very initial sentences and short conversations faster. It’s impossible to do a complete start from the native perspective anyway, but yeah.
It’s not that I think that thinking about the native style of grammar education is a bad thing. On the contrary, I find it very helpful. But it’s also not some kind of secret that Cure Dolly discovered or anything.
I think that’s why it resonates so much with people who already have some learning under their belt or have been struggling with Japanese for a while. It feels like the logical next step in understanding the language.
I completely agree. But I don’t know of any other source that’s readily available to fill in the gap between knowing enough to be able to understand native-focused education, albeit in English, and being able to use native materials.