Think you’ve made a small error when transcribing - it’s not 統治役 but 到着 (とうちゃく - small ゃ). Does this help with your understanding?
These are two actions taking place simultaneously, basically - they’re increasing their speed while running along the runway.
Yes (though in this context it’d be 下げて), but 落とす appears to be more common - running both スピードを落とす and スピードを下げる through Google, the former gets 29 million results, while the latter only gets 7 million.
Nah, it exerts force to the ground, though I confess I can’t point at precisely which definition of かかる is at play here.
In this case, こと is “things” rather than functioning as a nominaliser. It’s full of fun things (to do).
The airport of Japan (might want to translate it as “the entrance to the skies of Japan” here)
The international airport in Narita of the Chiba-prefecture is the airport the coming and going airplanes arrive and depart at. Here there’s a runway, that’s 4000 meters long.
Runways are wide and straight roads. Airplanes can’t just suddenly take off into the sky. By gradually speeding up on the runways, they can take off. Also, planes can’t stop quickly. While going over the runway, they can gradually lose speed. While landing, planes touch the ground with great force. For this reason, runways are made to be incredibly firm.
Traveling in the air on a plane is full of fun things to do. There’s a drink service for juices and the like. At luncthime “in-flight” meals are brought out.
On the plane, not only can you enjoy movies and music, but you can also gaze at the scenery that’s different from the usual. On the ground the rain’s falling, but above the clouds the sky is always clear.
❶ Complete the sentences so they are about the Narita international airport!
❷ What’s the name of the wide and straight road at airports? Write in the 4 characters.
❸ Why are runways made to be firm?
ア While taking off, the heavy airplanes put a lot of force onto the ground.
イ While landing, airplanes touch the ground with a lot of force.
Thoughts about the Chiba reading
I kinda felt like the author just barely couldn’t fit the content onto one page, so they had to go and fill another one. Most of the content on the second page seems a bit disjoint from the actual prefecture itself. Either that or the author loves planes, nothing wrong with that.
Tokyo Metropolis translation
The Tokyo Tower and the Tokyo Skytree
Tokyo is the capital city of Japan. It’s the third smallest prefecture after Kagawa-prefecture and Osaka-prefecture, but a lot of people live there, it’s population is the first in Japan.
In Tokyo rising into the sky is the Tokyo Tower. It’s height is 333 meters. From it’s firm antenna to the bottom part curved lines extend. The beautiful tower is painted in an alternating yellowish-reddish color called “international orange” and white. The tower was built as a television and radio tower broadcasting radiowaves.
Well, now that the Tokyo Tower is surrounded by tall buildings, in their shadows’s, the problem of bad reception emerged. Because of this, new radio towers became necessary.
After that was the Tokyo Skytree built. It’s height is 634 meters. It’s base is a triangle, but the more you go up, the cross section turns rapidly circular.
For both the Tokyo tower and the Tokyo Skytree, you can climb up to their observation deck. At night, the two symbols of Tokyo illuminated in various colors make the city at night beautiful.
❶ Which statement is correct about the Tokyo Metropolis? Circle the correct one.
ア It’s smaller than the Kagawa-prefecture
イ It’s bigger than Osaka-prefecture
ウ It’s population is the smallest in Japan
❷ Was the Tokyo Tower or the Tokyo Skytree built first?
❸ Which statements are correct about the Tokyo Skytree? Circle the two correct ones.
ア It’s painted in alternating yellowish-red and white.
イ The base is triangular, but as you go up, the more it turns into a square.
ウ Its height is 634 meters.
エ You can’t climb up into its observation deck.
オ At night it’s illuminated in various colors.
I definitely prefer the “1 page per” approach better, probably because that’s easier to concentrate on, though I do understand how Tokyo would need two pages (not Chiba tho)
I wrote: 'At plane landing time there’s a rather powerful arrival to the ground’. I ran that by a friend who speaks Japanese extremely well and she said yeah that sounds about right. Gorbit99’s translation is a lot more eloquent but I am pleased I got the gist correct. Obviously I am just quoting the literal translation from my notebook and not how I would actually write it in English.
I had to look up quite a few new airport-related words, and I found some of the structure a bit weird, but I think I understood enough to put together the gist of it.
My (very literal) interpretation of the Chiba text
Japan’s Sky’s Entrance
Narita International Airport is in Chiba ken,
planes are coming and going between Japan and overseas,
things like departures and arrivals are happening,
it’s the sky’s entrance.
There is 4000 metres length of runway here.
The runway is a wide and straight road.
Planes cannot suddenly take off into the sky.
If they run the runway gaining more and more speed,
they can take off into the sky.
The plane also cannot suddenly stop yet. (?)
While running on the runway, more and more speed will drop.
When the plane lands,
it comes to the ground with considerable force.
For that reason the runway is made very durable.
The plane’s journey in the sky is filled with fun.
There is drinks service with juice, etc.
At meal time the in-flight meal is served.
Inside the plane you can also enjoy movies and music,
and usually you can also look at the outside view.
Even if it is raining on the ground, above the clouds it is sunny you know
In this section 日本と海外を 行き来する飛行機が出奔したり到着したりする I wasn’t sure if the plane belonged to the first suru part or the second suru part, or both? It’s very long sentence for me and I am not used to see a something ga in between two something suru’s. I wrote the two parts separately just to show I understand what each bit was saying, but I guess the entire thing is supposed to be taken as a whole like Planes are departing and arriving for Japan and overseas.
Narita International Airport, located in Chiba prefecture, is the entranceway to the sky where airplanes coming and going to Japan and overseas depart and arrive.
Here there is a four thousand meter long runway.
A runway is a wide, straight road.
Airplanes cannot take off into the sky abruptly.
By gradually building up speed on the runway, they can take off into the sky.
Also, airplanes also cannot stop suddenly.
While running down the runway, they gradually lose speed.
When an airplane lands, it exerts a considerable force on the ground.
For that reason, runways are made very sturdy.
A trip through the sky by plane is full of fun things.
There is beverage service with juice, among others.
At meal times, “in-flight meals” are served.
Inside the plane you can also enjoy movies and music, and also look out over different views of the outside.
Even if it’s raining on the ground, it’s sunny above the clouds.
In part of the second-to-last sentence, ふだんとちがう外のけしきをながめることもできます, would it be “you can also look out over usual and different views of the outside” or “usually you can also look out over different views of the outside”? I don’t know why ふだんと threw me off so much.
I usually translate として as “as” in my head, and I would swap around the sentence order a bit to make it more readable:
“The Tokyo Tower was built as a television and radio tower (radio radio tower, lol) for broadcasting radio waves” or something alonside that