Help with pref/suffix vocab?

I’m learning the vocab 先, which has one meaning as hereafter. It states it’s a noun, but also a noun-prefix/suffix. I was just wondering how that would apply–if someone could provide examples and explain, I’ve run into this confusion a few times with how a noun could be used as a prefix or suffix. Or am I just applying the wrong part of speech to one of the definitions. That part of speech might not be referring to the hereafter definition at all.

As a prefix, it tends to mean “previous”. 週 (week) -> 先週 (last week)

As a suffix, it tends to mean “endpoint”. 指 (finger) -> 指先 (fingertip)

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Thank you very much

〜先 can also mean from now on/in the future, as in これから先, or as some time ahead, as in 冬休みはちょうど3週間先だ。 (The winter vacation is just three weeks away [off, ahead]).

[Btw, there did you get the meaning “hereafter” from? It’s not mentioned in WK? Not saying it’s wrong though :slightly_smiling_face:]

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Jisho, most likely.

  1. previous; prior; former; first; earlier; some time ago; preceding​
  2. point (e.g. pencil); tip; end; nozzle​
  3. head (of a line); front​
  4. ahead; the other side​
  5. the future; hereafter​
  6. destination​
  7. the other party​

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