Cells at Work! 🦠 | Week 6

Week 6 31 December 2022
End page 87
Pages 14
Previous week Week 5
Next week Week 7
Home Thread Cells at Work!

Vocabulary and Grammar

Please read the guidelines on the first page before adding any words.

Discussion Guidelines

Everybody should feel free to post and ask questions–it’s what makes book clubs fun! But please do not post until you are familiar with Spoiler Courtesy!

Spoiler Courtesy

Please follow these rules to avoid inadvertent ネタバレ. If you’re unsure whether something should have a spoiler tag, err on the side of using one.

  1. Any potential spoiler for the current week’s reading need only be covered by a spoiler tag. Predictions and conjecture made by somebody who has not read ahead still falls into this category.
  2. Any potential spoilers for external sources need to be covered by a spoiler tag and include a label (outside of the spoiler tag) of what might be spoiled. These include but are not limited to: other book club picks, other books, games, movies, anime, etc. I recommend also tagging the severity of the spoiler (for example, I may still look at minor spoilers for something that I don’t intend to read soon).
  3. Any information from later in the book than the current week’s reading (including trigger warnings that haven’t yet manifested) needs to be hidden by spoiler tags and labeled as coming from later sections.
Instructions for Spoiler Tags

Click the cog above the text box and use either the “Hide Details” or “Blur Spoiler” options. The text which says “This text will be hidden” should be replaced with what you are wishing to write. In the case of “Hide Details”, the section in the brackets that is labelled “Summary” can be replaced with whatever you like also (i.e, [details=”Chapter 1, Pg. 1”]).

Hide Details results in the dropdown box like below:

Example

This is an example of the “Hide Details” option.

The “Blur Spoiler” option will simply blur the text it surrounds.

This is an example of the “Blur Spoiler” option.

Posting Advice
  • When asking for help, please mention the page number, and check before posting that your question hasn’t already been asked. As the threads get longer, it becomes more convenient to use the Search function, which is located in the upper right corner of the forum. It is the magnifying glass which is near your profile picture! The best way to search is usually to type part of the sentence you are confused about, and select “in this topic”. This will show you all posts within the current thread which has that string of text.

  • Be sure to join the conversation! It’s fun, and it’s what keeps these book clubs lively! There’s no such thing as a stupid question! We are all learning here, and if the question has crossed your mind, there’s a very good chance it has crossed somebody else’s also! Asking and answering questions is a great learning opportunity for everyone involved, so never hesitate to do so!

Page numbers

The schedule is based on the page numbers that sometimes appear on the bottom of the pages. Both the Kindle and the BookWalker versions seem to be 2 off (44 instead of 42)

Last page of the week

Live Readings

Live readings are currently not organized. If you are interested in organizing one, tell me and I’ll update the post.

Discussion Questions

Questions
  1. What sentence/passage gave you the most difficulty? Feel free to request some help, or if you figured it out on your own break it down for the rest of us!
  2. What was your favorite new vocab word from this week’s reading?
  3. Was there any passage that you found particularly intriguing? Did it resonate with you (either positively or negatively)? Was it surprising? Offer any insight or new perspective? Was it just beautifully written?

Participation

Will you be reading along with us this week?

  • I’m reading along
  • I have finished this part
  • I’m still reading the book but I haven’t reached this part yet
  • I’m reading this book after the club has finished
  • I’m no longer reading the book

0 voters

If you’ve already read this book but are still going to join the discussion, please select “I have read this part.”

Don’t forget to set this thread to Watching in order to stay abreast of discussion

2 Likes

今回も、:package:(インフォボックス)を翻訳する時間がやってきた!
…and there were even more this time too.

B細胞(抗体産生細胞) B Cell (Antibody Producing Cell)

細菌(さいきん)やウイルスなどの抗原(こうげん)に対(たい)し、抗体(こうたい)という武器(ぶき)を作(つく)り、戦(たたか)うリンパ球の一種(いっしゅ)。

It’s a type of lymphocyte that fights by making weapons called antibodies from antigens for bacteria, viruses, etc.

So basically, I think that antigens cause the procution of antibodies which then are the ones fighting the threat.

IgE抗体 IgE Antibody

アレルゲンに対抗(たいこう)するべくヘルパーT細胞(さいぼう)の命令(めいれい)によりB細胞(さいぼう)が作(つく)り出(だ)す抗体(こうたい)。

It’s an antibody that creates B cells according to the orders of the helper T cell in order to oppose the allergen.

マスト細胞(肥満細胞) Mast Cell (Mastocyte)

過剰(かじょう)につくられたIgEの刺激(しげき)に反応(はんのう)してヒスタミンやロイコトリエンなどの化学(かがく)物質(ぶっしつ)を分泌(ぶんぴつ)する。肥満細胞(ひまんさいぼう)といっても肥満(ひまん)とは関係(かんけい)ない。

They secret chemical substances like histamine or leukotriene in response to the stimulus of excessively created IgE. Even though they are named mast (also means obesity in Japanese) cells they don’t have any connection to obesity/fatness.

Here マスト (as in “mast”) is just the loanword for 肥満 (meaning obesity/fatness) so there’s not really a difference in translating them.

ヒスタミン Histamine

異物(いぶつ)や組織(そしき)の損傷(そんしょう)を認識(にんしき)したマスト細胞(さいぼう)(肥満細胞(ひまんさいぼう))などから分泌(ぶんぴつ)される化学伝達物質(かがくでんたつぶっしつ)。

It is a chemical messenger secreted from mast cells and the like when they perceived foreign substances or tissue damage.

ヒスタミンの働き Histamines Function

ヒスタミンは血管内皮細胞(けっかんないひさいぼう)の間隔(かんかく)を広(ひろ)げ、白血球(はっけっきゅう)の遊走(ゆうそう)性(せい)を高(たか)める(白血球(はっけっきゅう)たちが来(き)やすくなるようにする)働(はたら)きがある。

Little info beforehand: (Vascular) endothelial cells are cells of the interior wall of blood vessels.

Histamine expands into the gaps between endothelial cells and has the function to increase the likelihood of cell migration for white blood cells (make it so that the white blood cells can get there more easily).

ヒスタミンによるアレルギー反応 Allergic Reaction Caused by Histamine

ヒスタミンが活性化されすぎると、発赤・かゆみ・浮腫・痛み・気管支収縮などのアレルギー反応を起こす。

Because too much histamine is activated allergic reactions like rubefaction (skin reddening), itchiness, swelling, pain, and contraction of the broncial tube can occur.

鼻づまり Stuffy Nose

ヒスタミンが鼻の粘膜にある血管に作用して、炎症などを引き起こす。その結果、鼻の粘膜が腫れてむくみ、鼻づまりが起こる。

Histamine operates in blood vessels of the mucuous membrane of the nose where it causes inflammation and the like.

Just a note, the kanji for the second part of 鼻づまり is 詰まり (WaniKani level 29) which means clogging. I just think it’s neat that Japanese is often very literal/pictorial.

くしゃみ Sneeze

ヒスタミンが鼻の粘膜にある知覚神経を刺激する。この刺激がくしゃみ中枢に達すると、くしゃみが連発してしまう。

Histamine stimulates the sensory nerves inside the mucuous membrane of the nose. When that stimulation reaches the sternutation center (“sneeze” center) it ends up “firing” sneezes in rapid succession.

涙 Tears

ヒスタミンが目の知覚神経などを刺激して、炎症(充血やかゆみ)を引き起こす。涙も必要以上に出る。

Histamine stimulates the sensory nerves of the eye and causes irritation (red eyes and/or itchiness). Tears as well appear more than is necessary.

スギ花粉アレルギー Cedar Pollen Allergy

スギ花粉が抗原(アレルゲン)となって起こるくしゃみ、鼻水、鼻づまり、目のかゆみなどのアレルギー症状。

The symptoms of the allergy are sneezing, a runny and stuffy nose, as well as itchy eyes among others, which occur as a result of the antigen (allergen) from the cedar pollen.

Ok, done!
I kinda like the memory cell (that one guy with black hair, does he have a name?) because he prophesied the disaster even though I didn’t believe him at first.
But the thing I like about that is how an allergy is portrayed in their world, the memory cells sending a false alarm and just causing too much backlash in general and with that destroying everything themselves instead of the supposedly harmful cedar pollen.

6 Likes

I’ve filled in the vocab list for this week. I’ve not added everything, but it should save anybody reading later than me some lookups at least!

Thanks for the info box translations again @saraqael, you are a hero :grin:

6 Likes

Obligatory link to week 7

5 Likes