Cells at Work! 🦠 | Week 6

Week 6 31 December 2022
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Home Thread Cells at Work!

Vocabulary and Grammar

Please read the guidelines on the first page before adding any words.

Discussion Guidelines

Everybody should feel free to post and ask questions–it’s what makes book clubs fun! But please do not post until you are familiar with Spoiler Courtesy!

Spoiler Courtesy

Please follow these rules to avoid inadvertent ネタバレ. If you’re unsure whether something should have a spoiler tag, err on the side of using one.

  1. Any potential spoiler for the current week’s reading need only be covered by a spoiler tag. Predictions and conjecture made by somebody who has not read ahead still falls into this category.
  2. Any potential spoilers for external sources need to be covered by a spoiler tag and include a label (outside of the spoiler tag) of what might be spoiled. These include but are not limited to: other book club picks, other books, games, movies, anime, etc. I recommend also tagging the severity of the spoiler (for example, I may still look at minor spoilers for something that I don’t intend to read soon).
  3. Any information from later in the book than the current week’s reading (including trigger warnings that haven’t yet manifested) needs to be hidden by spoiler tags and labeled as coming from later sections.
Instructions for Spoiler Tags

Click the cog above the text box and use either the “Hide Details” or “Blur Spoiler” options. The text which says “This text will be hidden” should be replaced with what you are wishing to write. In the case of “Hide Details”, the section in the brackets that is labelled “Summary” can be replaced with whatever you like also (i.e, [details=”Chapter 1, Pg. 1”]).

Hide Details results in the dropdown box like below:


This is an example of the “Hide Details” option.

The “Blur Spoiler” option will simply blur the text it surrounds.

This is an example of the “Blur Spoiler” option.

Posting Advice
  • When asking for help, please mention the page number, and check before posting that your question hasn’t already been asked. As the threads get longer, it becomes more convenient to use the Search function, which is located in the upper right corner of the forum. It is the magnifying glass which is near your profile picture! The best way to search is usually to type part of the sentence you are confused about, and select “in this topic”. This will show you all posts within the current thread which has that string of text.

  • Be sure to join the conversation! It’s fun, and it’s what keeps these book clubs lively! There’s no such thing as a stupid question! We are all learning here, and if the question has crossed your mind, there’s a very good chance it has crossed somebody else’s also! Asking and answering questions is a great learning opportunity for everyone involved, so never hesitate to do so!

Page numbers

The schedule is based on the page numbers that sometimes appear on the bottom of the pages. Both the Kindle and the BookWalker versions seem to be 2 off (44 instead of 42)

Last page of the week

Live Readings

Live readings are currently not organized. If you are interested in organizing one, tell me and I’ll update the post.

Discussion Questions

  1. What sentence/passage gave you the most difficulty? Feel free to request some help, or if you figured it out on your own break it down for the rest of us!
  2. What was your favorite new vocab word from this week’s reading?
  3. Was there any passage that you found particularly intriguing? Did it resonate with you (either positively or negatively)? Was it surprising? Offer any insight or new perspective? Was it just beautifully written?


Will you be reading along with us this week?

  • I’m reading along
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  • I’m still reading the book but I haven’t reached this part yet
  • I’m reading this book after the club has finished
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0 voters

If you’ve already read this book but are still going to join the discussion, please select “I have read this part.”

Don’t forget to set this thread to Watching in order to stay abreast of discussion


…and there were even more this time too.

B細胞(抗体産生細胞) B Cell (Antibody Producing Cell)


It’s a type of lymphocyte that fights by making weapons called antibodies from antigens for bacteria, viruses, etc.

So basically, I think that antigens cause the procution of antibodies which then are the ones fighting the threat.

IgE抗体 IgE Antibody


It’s an antibody that creates B cells according to the orders of the helper T cell in order to oppose the allergen.

マスト細胞(肥満細胞) Mast Cell (Mastocyte)


They secret chemical substances like histamine or leukotriene in response to the stimulus of excessively created IgE. Even though they are named mast (also means obesity in Japanese) cells they don’t have any connection to obesity/fatness.

Here マスト (as in “mast”) is just the loanword for 肥満 (meaning obesity/fatness) so there’s not really a difference in translating them.

ヒスタミン Histamine


It is a chemical messenger secreted from mast cells and the like when they perceived foreign substances or tissue damage.

ヒスタミンの働き Histamines Function


Little info beforehand: (Vascular) endothelial cells are cells of the interior wall of blood vessels.

Histamine expands into the gaps between endothelial cells and has the function to increase the likelihood of cell migration for white blood cells (make it so that the white blood cells can get there more easily).

ヒスタミンによるアレルギー反応 Allergic Reaction Caused by Histamine


Because too much histamine is activated allergic reactions like rubefaction (skin reddening), itchiness, swelling, pain, and contraction of the broncial tube can occur.

鼻づまり Stuffy Nose


Histamine operates in blood vessels of the mucuous membrane of the nose where it causes inflammation and the like.

Just a note, the kanji for the second part of 鼻づまり is 詰まり (WaniKani level 29) which means clogging. I just think it’s neat that Japanese is often very literal/pictorial.

くしゃみ Sneeze


Histamine stimulates the sensory nerves inside the mucuous membrane of the nose. When that stimulation reaches the sternutation center (“sneeze” center) it ends up “firing” sneezes in rapid succession.

涙 Tears


Histamine stimulates the sensory nerves of the eye and causes irritation (red eyes and/or itchiness). Tears as well appear more than is necessary.

スギ花粉アレルギー Cedar Pollen Allergy


The symptoms of the allergy are sneezing, a runny and stuffy nose, as well as itchy eyes among others, which occur as a result of the antigen (allergen) from the cedar pollen.

Ok, done!
I kinda like the memory cell (that one guy with black hair, does he have a name?) because he prophesied the disaster even though I didn’t believe him at first.
But the thing I like about that is how an allergy is portrayed in their world, the memory cells sending a false alarm and just causing too much backlash in general and with that destroying everything themselves instead of the supposedly harmful cedar pollen.


I’ve filled in the vocab list for this week. I’ve not added everything, but it should save anybody reading later than me some lookups at least!

Thanks for the info box translations again @saraqael, you are a hero :grin:


Obligatory link to week 7