でも meaning but can only come at the beginning of a sentence. It is ても meaning “even,” just that the て form of だ is で
Regarding the last sentence:
一日中、おひさまが しずまないか、しずんでも 明るい げんしょうの ことを 「白夜」 と いいます。
This か is 下 right?
Regarding んでも, the only think I can think is the て form of しず + も
The sun doesn’t set (down) in all day and even sinking this bright phenomenon is called “Midnight Sun (white night)” I don’t like it
What about this: Conditional
たくさん食べ ても 、太りません。
Meaning: Even if I take a lot of food, I don’t put on weight.
The sun doesn’t set (down) in all day and even if it sinks this bright phenomenon is called “Midnight Sun (white night)”
I think you’ve got most of it OK but I think げんしょうの ことを 「白夜」 と いいます is the main clause.
I think 一日中、おひさまが しずまないか、しずんでも 明るい is a clause that modifies げんしょう
How would you translate the sentence?
the ‘Zu-form’ is a new one to me. Will be looking in to that now.
Ok, so the main clause is
They call the phenomenon the “White Night” (Midnight Sun)
The modifying clause I think is translated as
“throughout the whole day the sun is bright whether it doesn’t descend or even if it descends”
They call the phenomenon, where throughout the whole day the sun is bright whether it doesn’t descend or even if it descends, the “White Night” (Midnight Sun).
Not very smooth but I think this is a possible rough translation.
The confusing part is the sun descending but still bright which I think means that during the White Night period even though the sun is moving around in the sky as usual and does descend, it’s not to the point where it goes below the horizon leading to darkness.
I see what you mean. A very literal translation: The whole day, even if the sun descends or doesn’t, a bright phenomenon is called “Midnight Sun”
In this case, か means “2. or; whether or notafter each alternative”
But I think Bright directly connect to げんしょうの ことを, not to sun. Any thoughts?
I thought there were 3 possible translations for か in this context. It could mean there was an embedded question, or mean “or” or “whether”. It didn’t seem like an embedded question so I thought “or” or “whether” made more sense.
Maybe someone can check the rules for it meaning “or”. I don’t know if it has to occur between two nouns or not.
To me, it made more sense for it to go with おひさま because of しずんでも which together meant “even if it does descend, ( おひさま) is bright”.
I agree it makes more sense, but 明るい is next to げんしょう, without anything else. It has to be and adjective of げんしょう, right???
Yes, it was a little confusing to me as well but the modifying clause didn’t seem complete without it so that’s why I thought it went with おひさま. I could be totally wrong of course.
Edit: Remember the clause I was having trouble with before a few days ago on p56
よちよち 歩く すがたが とても あいらしい ペンギンは、どうぶつ園などでも 大人気ですね。
Here’s the adjective あいらしい that goes with すがた even though it’s right next ペンギン.
Mmmm…A Penguin with a very cute form of walking
A Phenomenon with “a bright sun even if it descends or doesn’t in the whole day”, is called “Midnight Sun”
I was trying to find out if this ~か +てverb+も construction could be explained somewhere but I can’t find anything. I’m pretty sure there’s some better way to translate this part.
Maybe it’s time for a native speaker consult hint hint.
That is exactly it - thank you.
In fact the first example on the page you linked to is very similar to our text:
When it becomes April, cherry blossoms will blossom.
And in the our text:
…ある じきに なると、夜でも おひさまが しずまず…
…when it becomes a certain time, even at night the sun doesn’t set…
I have asked a native…
A phenomenon with the sun not sinking for a whole day, or the outside is still bright even after the sun sets, is called “Midnight Sun”
He also said:
一日中おひさまが しずまないか、しずんでも 外がまだ明るい げんしょうの ことを 「白夜」 と いいます。
If I were making this sentence, I’ll write like this
The original sentence is lacking the information and not clear.
It’s very “Japanesed” sentence I guess lol
Sounds much better but is he saying the sun actually does set during a White Night? I thought the sun never sets.
In some parts it might set, but still be bright!!
I asked a second native to be sure:
In this sentence two types of phenomenon is explained
The sun doesn’t descend
Even though it descend the sun is bright
Ok, so in the first translation, the sun sets but the outside is bright.
In the second, the sun is bright even though it descends. Hmm…
Edit: Oh, so you’re saying the sun can set and not be visible but because the sky is bright, it’s still considered a White Night.
The first guys says that it implies that the sky outside is bright, even after the sun sets.
The second is more literal
So in the first translation, “the sun not sinking for the whole day” but then says “after the sun sets”. Hmmmm…
So another full translation:
They call the phenomenon the “White Night” when it’s bright throughout an entire day whether the sun is up or or even down.
By the way, thanks for taking the time to ask some natives. Appreciate the help!
That’s great thanks. The fact that the 明るい precedes the げんしょう but doesn’t modify it makes it quite difficult for us non natives!